Persian Zentrale Online-Services
Die persische Sprache ist eine plurizentrische Sprache in Zentral- und Südwestasien. Sie gehört zum iranischen Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachfamilie und ist Amtssprache in Iran, Afghanistan und Tadschikistan. Persian Definition: Something that is Persian belongs or relates to the ancient kingdom of Persia, or | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele. Persian Bedeutung, Definition Persian: 1. belonging to or relating to Iran, its people, or its language 2. a person from Iran 3. the main. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Persian im Online-Wörterbuch dinkelcentrum.se (Deutschwörterbuch). An Image Database of Persian Historical Documents from Iran and Central Asia up to the 20th Century. The Project aims at facilitating access to the growing.
Persian Bedeutung, Definition Persian: 1. belonging to or relating to Iran, its people, or its language 2. a person from Iran 3. the main. Die persische Sprache ist eine plurizentrische Sprache in Zentral- und Südwestasien. Sie gehört zum iranischen Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachfamilie und ist Amtssprache in Iran, Afghanistan und Tadschikistan. Übersetzung im Kontext von „persian“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: persian gulf, persian empire, old persian, persian rugs, persian carpets.
Dairy products, especially yogurt , also are characteristic of Persian cuisine. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Of the two the Medes were the more widespread and, from an Assyrian point of view, the more important group.
In the more western Zagros they encountered Medes mixed with…. Iran , a mountainous, arid, and ethnically diverse country of southwestern Asia.
They were decorated with ornamental facades that included the long rock relief carvings for which the ancient Persians were famous.
Many people think of Persia as synonymous with Islam , though Islam only became the dominant religion in the Persian Empire after the Arab conquests of the seventh century.
The first Persian Empire was shaped by a different religion: Zoroastrianism. Named after the Persian prophet Zoroaster also known as Zarathustra , Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest monotheistic religions.
Zoroaster, who likely lived sometime between and B. The Achaemenian kings were devout Zoroastrians. By most accounts, Cyrus the Great was a tolerant ruler who allowed his subjects to speak their own languages and practice their own religions.
Hebrew scriptures praise Cyrus the Great for freeing the Jewish people of Babylon from captivity and allowing them to return to Jerusalem.
This period of time is sometimes called the Pax Persica, or Persian Peace. The Achaemenid dynasty finally fell to the invading armies of Alexander the Great of Macedon in B.
Subsequent rulers sought to restore the Persian Empire to its Achaemenian boundaries, though the empire never quite regained the enormous size it had achieved under Cyrus the Great.
The Achaemenid Persian Empire B. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.
The Byzantine Empire was a vast and powerful civilization with origins that can be traced to A. Though the western half of the Roman Empire crumbled and fell For more than two centuries, the Achaemenid Empire of Persia ruled the Mediterranean world.
The Ottoman Empire was one of the mightiest and longest-lasting dynasties in world history. The chief leader, known as the Sultan, was given absolute Iraqi president Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August Alarmed by these actions, fellow Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene.
Islamic festivals are also widely celebrated by Muslim Persians. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Persian people. For the breed of cat, see Persian cat.
For other uses, see Persian disambiguation. See also: Perseus. Main article: Persian language. See also: Iranian languages and Western Iranian languages.
Main articles: Persian culture and Persian art. Main article: Persian literature. See also: Persian literature in Western culture.
Further information: Achaemenid architecture and Sasanian architecture. See also: Iranian architecture.
Main article: Persian gardens. Main article: Persian carpet. Main article: Persian traditional music. Retrieved 11 December Total Iranian Persian users in all countries.
Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 13 May Library of Congress — Federal Research Division.
May Retrieved 30 April Assessing Grammar: The Languages of Lars. Multilingual Matters. Sociolinguistic Status of Lori". The same is true of areas to the southwest, south, and east of the Lori language area Originally, it was the "land of horses" of the Sumerians Herzfeld, pp.
The name was adopted by Iranian tribes which established themselves there in the 9th century B. From that moment the name acquired the connotation of an ethnic region, the land of the Persians, and the Persians soon thereafter founded the vast Achaemenid empire.
A never-ending confusion thus set in between a narrow, limited, geographical usage of the term—Persia in the sense of the land where the aforesaid Persian tribes had shaped the core of their power—and a broader, more general usage of the term to designate the much larger area affected by the political and cultural radiance of the Achaemenids.
The confusion between the two senses of the word was continuous, fueled by the Greeks who used the name Persai to designate the entire empire.
Encyclopedia of the Ancient Greek World. Facts On File. In B. Cyrus called "the Great" by the Greeks overthrew the Median empire under Astyages and brought the Persians into domination over the Iranian peoples; he achieved combined rule over all Iran as the first real monarch of the Achaemenid dynasty.
Within a few years he founded a multinational empire without precedent—a first world-empire of historical importance, since it embraced all previous civilized states of the ancient Near East.
The Persian empire was a multinational state under the leadership of the Persians; among these peoples the Medes, Iranian sister nation of the Persians, held a special position.
History of the Persians. Robert Carter. Age of Faith. Simon and Schuster. Lonely Planet. The Persian Presence in the Islamic World.
Cambridge University Press. Ismail Pustaka Nasional Pte Ltd. The Legacy of Persia. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Perhaps by about , reference to actual Tajiks was directed mostly at Persian-speakers in Afghanistan and Central Asia; Penguin UK.
Tat was known to have been used at different times to designate Crimean Goths, Greeks and sedentary peoples generally, but its primary reference came to be the Persians within the Turkic domains.
Tat is nowadays specialized to refer to special groups with Iranian languages in the west of the Caspian Sea.
Robert Devereaux Muhakamat al-lughatain. Leiden: Brill. Princeton University Press. Online Etymology Dictionary.
Book 7. Iran: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press. See: Al-Biruni Tehran: Miras-e Maktub. Translation: "The people of Khwarizm, they are a branch of the Persian tree.
See: Kramers, J. In Bearman, P. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Retrieved 18 November Yarshater, E. The Iranian Language of Azerbaijan".
De Goeje, M. Kitab al-Tanbih wa-l-Ishraf in Arabic. Travels in Asia and Africa, We travelled on to Kabul, formerly a vast town, the site of which is now occupied by a village inhabited by a tribe of Persians called Afghans.
They hold mountains and defiles and possess considerable strength, and are mostly highwaymen. Their principal mountain is called Kuh Sulayman.
It is told that the prophet Sulayman [Solomon] ascended this mountain and having looked out over India, which was then covered with darkness, returned without entering it.
Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia. Retrieved 10 June Encyclopedia of World History 6th ed. The Houghton Mifflin Company.
The Achaemenid clan possibly ruled over the Persian tribes already in the 9th century B. Persianism in Antiquity. Franz Steiner Verlag. London: Dorling Kindersley.
Leo Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization. University of Chicago Press. Of the numerous Iranian tribes who had settled in Iranian plateau, it was the Medes Finally in B.
Their combined forces succeeded in bringing the Assyrian Empire down, thus eliminating a power that had ruled with ruthless efficiency over the Middle East for several centuries.
Achaemenes q. Psychology Press. The inscriptions of Darius I All this evidence shows that the name arya "Iranian" was a collective definition, denoting peoples Although, up until the end of the Parthian period, Iranian identity had an ethnic, linguistic, and religious value, it did not yet have a political import.
The idea of an "Iranian" empire or kingdom is a purely Sasanian one. It was in the Sasanian period, then, that the pre-Islamic Iranian identity reached the height of its fulfilment in every aspect: political, religious, cultural, and linguistic with the growing diffusion of Middle Persian.
Its main ingredients were the appeal to a heroic past that was identified or confused with little-known Achaemenid origins Walter de Gruyter.
The Pahlavi language also known as Middle Persian was the official language of Iran during the Sassanid dynasty from 3rd to 7th century A.